واشکافی قطعنامه‌های شورای امنیت ناظربه کره شمالی؛ تحلیلی گفتمانی با نگاه فرکلاف

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی و مطالعات منطقه ای دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

یکی از موضوعات بسیار مهمی که در طول 22 سال اخیر در دستورکار شورای امنیت ملل متحد قرار داشته، برنامه هسته‌ای جمهوری دموکراتیک خلق کره بوده است و همین امر سبب شده تا شورای امنیت تاکنون 12 قطع‌نامه علیه این کشور تصویب نماید. در این مقاله با مفروض پنداشتن «پیوند میان استفاده از زبان و جاری شدن قدرت»، به تحلیل گفتمان قطع‌نامه‌های شورای امنیت ملل متحد در قبال کره شمالی مبتنی بر نگاه نورمن فرکلاف پرداخته‌ایم. یافته‌‌‌های مقاله حکایت از آن داشت که شورای امنیت با توسل به واژه‌ها و دستور زبان، به فاصله‌گذاری با مخاطب پرداخته است. ایجاد این فاصله، نشان‌گر جایگاه قدرت مولد متن یعنی شورای امنیت در موضوع صلح و امنیت بین‌المللی است. به سخن دیگر قطع‌نامه‌های مزبور را می‌توان مبنایی برای اعمال اقتدار این شورا و همچنین وجود روابط نابرابر قدرت میان شورای امنیت ملل متحد و جامعه بین‌المللی دانست.
سازمان مقاله بدین قرار است که ابتدا روش تحلیل گفتمان انتقادی مبتنی بر نگاه نورمن فرکلاف معرفی شده است. سپس قطع‌نامه‌های شورای امنیت ملل متحد ناظر به برنامه هسته‌ای جمهوری دموکراتیک خلق کره در سه گام اعم از توصیف، تفسیر و تبیین، مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of UN Security Council Resolutions toward DPRK; Discourse Analysis based on Fairclough Approach

نویسنده [English]

  • Yosef Ghoreshi
چکیده [English]

One of the important issues which has been in the SC agenda for 22 years, is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea’s (DPRK) nuclear program. The Security Council has issued 12 resolutions toward DPRK till now. In this article, I examined the issue regarding the “connection between language use and the practice of power” as an assumption, I analyzed the discourse of UN Security Council resolutions toward DPRK. Findings revealed UNSC used vocabularies and grammar as means of posing distance from the audience. Posing distance addresses the power position of text producer, which is UNSC, in the maintenance of international peace and security. In another words, these resolutions can be considered as the basis for exercising the authority of that institution and also unequal power relations between UN Security Council and international society. In the article firstly I introduced the method of critical discourse analysis in the framework of Norman Fairclough’s approach and then UN Security Council Resolutions toward DPRK are examined based on three stages, description, interpretation and explanation.
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کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Critical Discourse Analysis
  • Nuclear Program
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • United Nations Security Council
  • Security Council Resolution
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