استادیار و عضو هیأت علمی گروه علوم سیاسی، واحد ایلام، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ایلام، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Barack Obama, believing in Jefferson's tradition in foreign policy, preserved the principles of the American Independence Revolution, felt that US foreign policy was less active so that the freedom and security of American citizens would not endanger the interior. So, criticizing George Bush's intervening policy, he chose a change strategy. During his presidency, Obama faced a number of consolidated problems, including the consequences of the US presence in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars and the 2008 Great Depression as old-fashioned problems, with new ones such as intervention in Libya, Arab revolts, and Iran's growing power in the Middle East. Given the consequences of the Great Depression within the United States and the strengthening of domestic disruptions by the damage caused by the preventive war strategy and the military interventions of the George W. Bush administration, Obama decided to focus on national priorities instead of international priorities, Reducing US foreign commitments to US domestic issues and to revitalize US global power and influence. In this regard, the main question of the present study is how did Obama act as a strategy for change? In response to the above question, it is hypothesized that long-distance balancing tactics, the emphasis on economic Asia, multilateralism, engagement, and deep strategic participation, and the use of the logic of "first diplomacy" were the modes of operating the strategy of Obama's change. The articulation of the two theories of liberal internationalism and institutionalism can be a good supporter of this research and explain Obama's foreign policy.