عنوان مقاله [English]
Turkey’s unilateral perspective in foreign policy has been unchallengeable for decades. From 1923 forward, a Western kind perspective has dominated its foreign policy approach to the region and the world. This Western approach led to ignoring two things in regional foreign policy, its own values, and its own identity. These two important capitals, means Turkey’s special geopolitical location and its Islamic religious identity, has not been planned in its global and regional policies.
From mid eighties onward, and especially after the Cold War era, when the power structure of the country transferred, Ankara has attended its religious identity and specific geopolitical position in the Middle East. Awakening of Social movements in Arab Middle East has been a double force for strengthening of these factors. The main subject of this paper emphasizes those forces that lead. to increasing and active role of Turkey in the Middle East. The main hypothesis is that Turkey’s government Islamism and parallel foreign policy with America are two main reasons that led to give more roles to its own identity beside its Western approach to Middle East policy.