ناآرامی‌های عربی: ریشه‌های اجتماعی در بستر تاریخی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روابط بین الملل دانشگاه گیلان

2 استاد گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه گیلان

چکیده

بروز و گسترش قیام‌های فراگیر در اواخر 2010 در کشورهای عربی خاورمیانه که از آن با عنوان ناآرامی‌های عربی یاد می‌شود یکی از مراحل حساس تاریخی منطقه به حساب می‌آید. با تمرکز بر روی شعارهای معترضین در طول ناآرامی‌های مورد بحث مشخص خواهد شد که عمده نارضایتی جوامع عربی ریشه در نابسامانی‌های سیاسی-اقتصادی این کشورها دارد. بررسی تاریخ خاورمیانه بیانگر آن است که وضعیت سیاسی-اجتماعی جوامع عرب در طول تقریباً یک سده اخیر برآیندی از اتصال محیط‌های داخل و خارج است؛ این ارتباط به گونه‌ای درهم تنیده می‌باشد که امکان جدایی آنها قابل تصور نیست. به عبارت دیگر، شرایط درونی این دولت‌ها از یک سو ناشی از کاستی‌های داخل و از سویی دیگر متأثر از محیط بین‌الملل می‌باشد بر این اساس، برای فهم کامل چرایی بروز قیام‌های عربی ضروری است ساختار سیاسی، اجتماعی و اقتصادی دولت‌های عربی به عنوان یک کلیت در بطن روابط بین‌الملل مورد واکاوی قرار گیرد. در این راستا، با توجه به اشتراکات سیاسی، فرهنگی، هویتی و اقتصادی جوامع عربی و سرشت چندگانه ناآرامی‌های مورد بحث (سیاسی، اجتماعی، اقتصادی) مقاله حاضر از منظر جامعه‌شناسی تاریخی روابط بین‌الملل به بررسی موضوع پرداخته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Arab Uprisings: Social Roots in the Historical Context

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Zibaei 1
  • Reza Simbar 2
چکیده [English]

Commencing and spreading comprehensive revolts in late 2010 in the Arab Middle East which is calling Arab uprisings, undoubtedly, is one of the important milestones in the region history. These uprisings emanate from the accumulated political, social and economic discontents in the Arab countries that experienced unrests. In other words, theses riots came from disarray that in last decades had involved the Arab countries. Meanwhile, the interesting point is the same backlash to the mentioned disorders in both monarchies and republics or oil and non-oil Arab countries. In addition, the diverse result of the uprising in the both regimes is another interesting point for experts. This study attempts to reply why the reaction of Arab societies in the face of different regimes was similar and focusing on the roots of occurrence revolts. In this paper, as for the multiplicity facets of these uprisings, would be applied Historical Sociology of International Relations (HSIR) as the theoretical framework.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Arab uprisings
  • State
  • Economics
  • Society and International

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